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Hyundai Equus: Troubleshooting - ESP(Electronic Stability Program) System - Brake System - Hyundai Equus VI 2009-2020 Service ManualHyundai Equus: Troubleshooting

Failure Diagnosis
1.
In principle, ESP and TCS controls are prohibited in case of ABS failure.
2.
When ESP or TCS fails, only the failed system control is prohibited.
3.
However, when the solenoid valve relay should be turned off in case of ESP failure, refer to the ABS fail-safe.
4.
Information on ABS fail-safe is identical to the fail-safe in systems where ESP is not installed.
Memory of Fail Code
1.
It keeps the code as far as the backup lamp power is connected. (O)
2.
It keeps the code as far as the HCU power is on. (X)
Failure Checkup
1.
Initial checkup is performed immediately after the HECU power on.
2.
Valve relay checkup is performed immediately after the IG2 ON.
3.
It executes the checkup all the time while the IG2 power is on.
4.
Initial checkup is made in the following cases.
(1)
When the failure is not detected now.
(2)
When ABS and ESP are not in control.
(3)
Initial checkup is not made after ECU power on.
(4)
If the vehicle speed is over 5 mph(8 km/h) when the brake lamp switch is off.
(5)
When the vehicle speed is over 24.8 mph (40km/h).
5.
Though, it keeps on checkup even if the brake lamp switch is on.
6.
When performing ABS or ESP control before the initial checkup, stop the initial checkup and wait for the HECU power input again.
7.
Judge failure in the following cases.
(1)
When the power is normal.
(2)
From the point in which the vehicle speed reaches 4.9 mph (8 km/h) after HECU power on.
Countermeasures in Fail
1.
Turn the system down and perform the following actions and wait for HECU power OFF.
2.
Turn the valve relay off.
3.
Stop the control during the operation and do not execute any until the normal condition recovers.
Warning Lamp ON
1.
ABS warning lamp turns on when ABS is fail.
2.
ESP operation lamp turns on and ESP OFF warning lamp blinks when ESP is fail.
When power voltage and valve relay voltage are abnormal, input/output related failure judgment is not made.
Standard Flow of Diagnostic Troubleshooting

Notes With Regard To Diagnosis
The phenomena listed in the following table are not abnormal.
Phenomenon
Explanation
System check sound
When starting the engine, a thudding sound can sometimes be heard coming from inside the engine compartment. This is because the system operation check is being performed.
ABS operation sound
1.
Sound of the motor inside the ABS hydraulic unit operation (whine).
2.
Sound is generated along with vibration of the brake pedal (scraping).
3.
When ABS operates, sound is generated from the vehicle chassis due to repeated brake application and release
(Thump : suspension; squeak: tires)
ABS operation (Long braking distance)
For road surfaces such as snow-covered and gravel roads, the braking distance for vehicles with ABS can sometimes be longer than that for other vehicles.
Accordingly, advise the customer to drive safely on such roads by lowering the vehicle speed.
Diagnosis detection conditions can vary depending on the diagnosis code. When checking the trouble symptom after the diagnosis code has been erased, ensure that the requirements listed in "Comment" are met.

ABS Check Sheet

Problem Symptoms Table
If a normal code is displayed during the DTC check that the problem still occurs, check the circuits for each problem symptom in the order given in the table below and proceed to the relevant troubleshooting page.
Symptom
Suspect Area
Remarks
ABS does not operate.
Only when 1. ~ 4. are all normal and the problem is still occurring, replace the HECU.
1.
Check the DTC reconfirming that the normal code is output.
2.
Power source circuit.
3.
Speed sensor circuit.
4.
Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

ABS does not operate intermittently.
Only when 1. ~ 4. are all normal and the problem is still occurring, replace the ABS actuator assembly.
1.
Check the DTC reconfirming that the normal code is output.
2.
Wheel speed sensor circuit.
3.
Stop lamp switch circuit.
4.
Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

Communication with Hi-scan (pro)
is not possible.
(Communication with any system is
not possible)
1.
Power source circuit
2.
Diagnosis line

Communication with Hi-scan (pro)
is not possible.
(Communication with ABS only is
not possible)
1.
Power source circuit
2.
Diagnosis line
3.
HECU

When ignition key is turned ON
(engine OFF),
the ABS warning lamp does not light up.
1.
ABS warning lamp circuit
2.
HECU

Even after the engine is started, the ABS
warning lamp remains ON.
1.
ABS warning lamp circuit
2.
HECU


   
During ABS operation, the brake pedal may vibrate or may not be able to be depressed. Such phenomena are due to intermittent changes in hydraulic pressure inside the brake line to prevent the wheels from locking and is not an abnormality.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Brake operation varies depending on driving conditions and road surface conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. However if a normal DTC is displayed, check the following probable cause. When the problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.
-
Faulty power source circuit
-
Faulty wheel speed sensor circuit
-
Faulty hydraulic circuit for leakage
-
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
DTC Inspection
1.
Connect the GDS with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Verify that the normal code is output.
3.
Is the normal code outputx

x Check the power source circuit.

x Erase the DTC and recheck using GDS.

Check the power source circuit
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 8 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground.

Specification: approximately B+

3.
Is the voltage within specificationx

x Check the ground circuit.

x Check the harness or connector between the fuse (10A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ESP control module. Repair if necessary.

Check the ground circuit
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Check for continuity between terminals 16, 47 of the ESP control module harness side connector and ground point.
3.
Is there continuityx

x Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

x Repair an open in the wire and ground point.

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit
1.
Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.
2.
Is it normalx

x Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

x Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage
1.
Refer to the hydraulic lines.
2.
Inspect leakage of the hydraulic lines.
3.
Is it normalx

x The problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.

x Repair the hydraulic lines for leakage.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Brake operation varies depending on driving conditions and road surface conditions, so diagnosis can be difficult. However if a normal DTC is displayed, check the following probable cause. When the problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.
-
Faulty power source circuit
-
Faulty wheel speed sensor circuit
-
Faulty hydraulic circuit for leakage
-
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
DTC Inspection
1.
Connect the GDS with the data link connector and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Verify that the normal code is output.
3.
Is the normal code outputx

x Check the wheel speed sensor circuit.

Erase the DTC and recheck using GDS.

Check the wheel speed sensor circuit
1.
Refer to the DTC troubleshooting procedures.
2.
Is it normalx

x Check the stop lamp switch circuit.

x Repair or replace the wheel speed sensor.

Check the stop lamp switch circuit
1.
Check that stop lamp lights up when brake pedal is depressed and turns off when brake pedal is released.
2.
Measure the voltage between terminal 39 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground when brake pedal is depressed.

Specification : approximately B+

3.
Is the voltage within specificationx

x Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage.

x Repair the stop lamp switch. Repair an open in the wire between the ESP control module and the stop lamp switch.

Check the hydraulic circuit for leakage
1.
Refer to the hydraulic lines.
2.
Inspection leakage of the hydraulic lines.
3.
Is it normalx

x The problem is still occurring, replace the ESP control module.

x Repair the hydraulic lines for leakage.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
Possible defect in the power supply system (including ground) for the diagnosis line.
-
An open in the wire
-
Poor ground
-
Faulty power source circuit

Inspection procedures
Check the power supply circuit for the diagnosis
1.
Measure the voltage between terminal 9 of the data link connector and body ground.

Specification : approximately B+

2.
Is voltage within specificationx

x Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis.

x Repair an open in the wire. Check and replace fuse (10A) from the engine compartment junction block.

Check the ground circuit for the diagnosis
1.
Check for continuity between terminal 5 of the data link connector and body ground.
2.
Is there continuityx

x Repair an open in the wire between terminal 5 of the data link connector and ground point.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
When communication with GDS is not possible, the cause may be probably an open in the HECU power circuit or an open in the diagnosis output circuit.
-
An open in the wire
-
Faulty HECU
-
Faulty power source circuit

Inspection procedures
Check for continuity in the diagnosis line
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Check for continuity between terminals 10 of the ESP control module connector and 1 of the data link connector.
3.
Is there continuityx

x Check the power source of ESP control module.

x Repair an open in the wire.

Check the power source of ABS control module
1.
Disconnect the connector from the ESP control module.
2.
Turn the ignition switch ON, measure the voltage between terminal 8 of the ESP control module harness side connector and body ground.

Specification : approximately B+

3.
Is voltage within specificationx

x Check for poor ground.

x Check the harness or connector between the fuse (10A) in the engine compartment junction block and the ESP control module.Repair if necessary.

Check for poor ground
1.
Check for continuity between terminal 5 of the data link connector and ground point.

x Replace the ESP control module and recheck.

x Repair an open in the wire or poor ground

detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
When current flows in the HECU the ABS warning lamp turns from ON to OFF as the initial check. Therefore if the lamp does not light up, the cause may be an open in the lamp power supply circuit, a blown bulb, an open in the both circuits between the ABS warning lamp and the HECU, and the faulty HECU.
-
Faulty ABS warning lamp bulb
-
Blown fuse is related to ABS in the engine compartment junction block
-
Faulty ABS warning lamp module
-
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
Problem verification
1.
Disconnect the connector the ABS HECU and turn the ignition switch ON.
2.
Does the ABS warning lamp light upx

x Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp.

x Inspect again after replacing the ABS HECU.

Check the power source for the ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M11-A) and turn the ignition switch ON
2.
Measure the voltage between terminal (M11-A) 7 of the cluster harness side connector and body ground.

Specification : approximately B+

3.
Is voltage within specificationx

x Check for blown fuse.

x Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp.

Check the can circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M11-A) and turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Measure the resistance between terminal (M11-A) 15 and 16 of the cluster harness side connector.

Specification : 60x

3.
Is resistance within specificationx

x Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp.

x Repair ABS warning lamp bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

Check the can circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M11-A) and ESP HECU connector, and then turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Check for continuity between terminal (M11-A) 16 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 12 of ESP HECU harness side.
Check for continuity between terminal (M11-A) 15 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 13 of ESP HECU harness side.

Specification : Below 1x

3.
Is resistance within specificationx

x Repair open of wiring between terminal 15, 16 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

x Repair short of wiring between terminal 15, 16 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

Detecting condition
Trouble Symptoms
Possible Cause
If the HECU detects trouble, it lights the ABS warning lamp while at the same time prohibiting ABS control. At this time, the HECU records a DTC in memory. Even though the normal code is output, the ABS warning lamp remains ON, then the cause may be probably an open or short in the ABS warning lamp circuit.
-
An open in the wire
-
Faulty instrument cluster assembly
-
Faulty ABS warning lamp module
-
Faulty HECU

Inspection procedures
Check DTC Output
1.
Connect the GDS to the 16P data link connector located behind the driver's side kick panel.
2.
Check the DTC output using GDS.
3.
Is DTC outputx

x Check the CAN circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp.

xPerform the DTC troubleshooting procedure (Refer to DTC troubleshooting).

Check the can circuit resistance for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M11-A) and turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Measure the resistance between terminal (M11-A) 15 and 16 of the cluster harness side connector.

Specification : 60x

3.
Is resistance within specificationx

x Check the CAN circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp.

x Repair ABS warning lamp bulb or instrument cluster assembly.

Check the can circuit wiring for ABS warning lamp
1.
Disconnect the instrument cluster connector (M11-A) and ESP HECU connector, and then turn the ignition switch OFF.
2.
Check for continuity between terminal (M11-A) 16 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 12 of ESP HECU harness side.
Check for continuity between terminal (M11-A) 15 of the cluster harness side connector and terminal 13 of ESP HECU harness side.

Specification : Below 1x

3.
Is resistance within specificationx

x Repair open of wiring between terminal 15, 16 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.

x Repair short of wiring between terminal 15, 16 of ESP HECU harness connector and ABS warning lamp module.
If no trouble in wiring, inspect again after replacing the ABS HECU.

Bleeding of Brake System
This procedure should be followed to ensure adequate bleeding of air and filling of the ABS unit, brake lines and master cylinder with brake fluid.
1.
Remove the reservoir cap and fill the brake reservoir with brake fluid.
   
If there is any brake fluid on any painted surface, wash it off immediately.
   
When pressure bleeding, do not depress the brake pedal.
Recommended fluid........ DOT3 or DOT4
2.
Connect a clear plastic tube to the wheel cylinder bleeder plug and insert the other end of the tube into a half filled clear plastic bottle.
3.
Connect the GDS to the data link connector located underneath the dash panel.
4.
Select and operate according to the instructions on the GDS screen.
   
You must obey the maximum operating time of the ESP motor with the GDS to prevent the motor pump from burning.
(1)
Select vehicle name.
(2)
Select Anti-Lock Brake system.
(3)
Select HCU air bleeding mode.

(4)
Press "OK" to operate motor pump and solenoid valve.

(5)
Wait 60 sec. before operating the air bleeding.
(If not, you may damage the motor.)

(6)
Perform the air bleeding.

5.
Pump the brake pedal several times, and then loosen the bleeder screw until fluid starts to run out without bubbles. Then close the bleeder screw (A).
[Front]

[Rear]

6.
Repeat step 5 until there are no more bubbles in the fluid for each wheel.

7.
Tighten the bleeder screw.

Bleed screw tightening torque:
6.9 ~ 12.7 Nm (0.7 ~ 1.3 kgf.m, 5.1~ 9.4 lb-ft)

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